1I ask, then, has God rejected his own people, the nation of Israel? Of course not! I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham and a member of the tribe of Benjamin.
2No, God has not rejected his own people, whom he chose from the very beginning. Do you realize what the Scriptures say about this? Elijah the prophet complained to God about the people of Israel and said,
4And do you remember God’s reply? He said, “No, I have 7,000 others who have never bowed down to Baal!”*11:4 1 Kgs 19:18.
5It is the same today, for a few of the people of Israel*11:5 Greek for a remnant. have remained faithful because of God’s grace—his undeserved kindness in choosing them.
7So this is the situation: Most of the people of Israel have not found the favor of God they are looking for so earnestly. A few have—the ones God has chosen—but the hearts of the rest were hardened.
“God has put them into a deep sleep.
To this day he has shut their eyes so they do not see,
and closed their ears so they do not hear.”*11:8 Isa 29:10; Deut 29:4.
9Likewise, David said,
“Let their bountiful table become a snare,
a trap that makes them think all is well.
Let their blessings cause them to stumble,
and let them get what they deserve.
10Let their eyes go blind so they cannot see,
and let their backs be bent forever.”*11:9-10 Ps 69:22-23 (Greek version).
11Did God’s people stumble and fall beyond recovery? Of course not! They were disobedient, so God made salvation available to the Gentiles. But he wanted his own people to become jealous and claim it for themselves.
13I am saying all this especially for you Gentiles. God has appointed me as the apostle to the Gentiles. I stress this,
17But some of these branches from Abraham’s tree—some of the people of Israel—have been broken off. And you Gentiles, who were branches from a wild olive tree, have been grafted in. So now you also receive the blessing God has promised Abraham and his children, sharing in the rich nourishment from the root of God’s special olive tree.
19“Well,” you may say, “those branches were broken off to make room for me.”
22Notice how God is both kind and severe. He is severe toward those who disobeyed, but kind to you if you continue to trust in his kindness. But if you stop trusting, you also will be cut off.
25I want you to understand this mystery, dear brothers and sisters,*11:25 Greek brothers. so that you will not feel proud about yourselves. Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of Gentiles comes to Christ.
“The one who rescues will come from Jerusalem,*11:26a Greek from Zion.
and he will turn Israel*11:26b Greek Jacob. away from ungodliness.
27And this is my covenant with them,
that I will take away their sins.”*11:26-27 Isa 59:20-21; 27:9 (Greek version).
28Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you Gentiles. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
33Oh, how great are God’s riches and wisdom and knowledge! How impossible it is for us to understand his decisions and his ways!
34For who can know the Lord’s thoughts?
Who knows enough to give him advice?*11:34 Isa 40:13 (Greek version).
35And who has given him so much
that he needs to pay it back?*11:35 See Job 41:11.
36For everything comes from him and exists by his power and is intended for his glory. All glory to him forever! Amen.